The football stadium and place making: a case study of Manchester City

by Steve Millington*

This presentation analyses the relationship between football stadia and place. It provides an overview of football related research by IPM members, including Tim Edensor, Dominic Medway and Cathy Parker, work that has primarily focused on Manchester City Football Club.  This encompasses both theoretical and applied research, and draws on both quantitative and qualitative methods, combing participant observation, netnographies, focus groups and latterly “big data analysis” utilising Springboard’s footfall counts from the #BDSU project. Continue reading “The football stadium and place making: a case study of Manchester City”

The problem with participation in urban development

by Ares Kalandides

I recently had the opportunity to coordinate two participatory workshops – both in the context of urban development – one in the town of Agios Nikolaos (Crete, Greece) and only a week later in the district of Wedding in Berlin, Germany. The details were indeed rather different, but the basic idea very much the same. In Crete the goal was to think about the town’s identity and to formulate some visions for its future. In Berlin it was about the future of the place: “What do we imagine our neighbourhood to be in 2020”. Both workshops were thoroughly enjoyable, as I always find working with people on the future of their places a very rewarding process. Continue reading “The problem with participation in urban development”

Should destinations focus on yield rather than arrivals?

Should destinations focus on yield rather than arrivals?
By Prof Harold Goodwin*
From a consumer or traveller perspective there are many answers, but it is not difficult for a traveller or holidaymaker to say why they are travelling. It could relate to business, leisure, adventure, pilgrimage, to visit family and friends, to play golf or to watch their team.

“Increasing numbers of destinations are addressing whether we’re going to use tourism, or if it’s going to use us.”

It’s much more difficult from a destination perspective. The industry often simply wants more, accommodation providers in particular. They look to city and national governments to attract more tourists, more overnight visitors. The industry looks to government, the public purse, for its marketing and to attract and stage events which bring them their clients.

This raises the question, why?

Continue reading “Should destinations focus on yield rather than arrivals?”

“Unveiling the sediments of a lost landscape”: William Titley’s Demolition Street

williamtitley-slider

A collection of door knobs. Unclaimed mail. An ironing board. Through recording the evacuation of one Lancashire community, finds Steve Millington, the artist William Titley has made permanent a series of internal displacements, and the exposed the true meaning of “placelessness”…

by Dr Steve Millington

Yi Fun Tuan established the term “topophilia” in the 1970s. An awkward word, but it describes an emotion we all share, a deep attachment to place. We might express this through love for one’s country or perhaps through civic pride, but our strongest bonds are to ordinary places connecting our everyday habits and routines, what we might call home.

Home is perhaps the most important place in our lives. Beyond basic human needs of shelter and security, home is ideally a place where we can escape, be ourselves, find comfort, rest, experiment, create, laugh, dance, without too much concern about what others might think. Here we build and maintain the social relations necessary to support a sense of belonging considered essential for well-being and happiness. We only have to imagine the plight of millions of refugees who have had to leave their homes, neighbourhoods, the places where they were born, schooled, worked, ate, played, to realise how our lives might quickly untangle into a precarious state. Feeling ‘out of place’, feeling that you don’t belong can be soul destroying. Continue reading ““Unveiling the sediments of a lost landscape”: William Titley’s Demolition Street”

Town Centre Management in Roeselare West Flanders, Belgium

by Prof Simon Quin

Roeselare in West Flanders, Belgium, is a small city that is beginning to change rapidly. With a population of some 60,000, a catchment of around 200,000, and a reputation as a retail destination, Roeselare is typical of many locations across Europe that are having to address disruptive change in retail. In 2007, they adopted a plan that sought to achieve a balance between town centre and edge of centre retailing. A centre management team was set up in 2009 but it wasn’t until 2015 that the real challenges of retail change were addressed. Although retail vacancy remained moderate, at some 8.4% of the 400 units in the centre, there was a realisation that more radical things had to be done to maintain a sustainable retail offer. Continue reading “Town Centre Management in Roeselare West Flanders, Belgium”

Meet the IPM: Interview with Mihalis Kavaratzis

mihalis kavaratzisMihalis Kavaratzis is Associate Professor of Marketing at the School of Business, University of Leicester, UK. He holds a PhD on city marketing from the University of Groningen, Netherlands and has taught marketing and tourism related courses in the Netherlands, Hungary and the UK. His research focuses on the theory and application of place marketing, place branding and tourism destination marketing. Mihalis also acts as an adviser and delivers workshops for local authorities on Place Marketing and Place Branding. He has published extensively on those topics including the co-edited volumes ‘Towards Effective Place Brand Management’ (with G.J. Ashworth, 2010), ‘Rethinking Place Branding’ (with G. Warnaby and G.J. Ashworth, 2015) and ‘Inclusive Place Branding’ (with M. Giovanardi and M. Lichrou, 2017). Mihalis is a Senior Fellow of the Institute of Place Management. Continue reading “Meet the IPM: Interview with Mihalis Kavaratzis”

Remembering Greg Ashworth

Mihalis Kavaratzis (left) with Erik Braun (centre) and Greg Ashworth.
Mihalis Kavaratzis (left) with Erik Braun (centre) and Greg Ashworth.

by Mihalis Kavaratzis

We were meeting in a pub in Groningen over beers – that’s where we always met, over dinner and drinks, never in an office.

“When’s the big party?” he asked.

“What party?” I asked back.

“Your defence party.”

“What does that have to do with anything?”

“Book a date for your party! Book the restaurant and order food and drinks. Then you can start planning backwards and you’ll find out what you have to do tomorrow…”

This was late 2003 and I had started my PhD in Groningen under his supervision only a few months earlier. So, the ‘party’ was the last thing in my mind. “What a strange piece of advice”, I thought. In the coming years, I would learn to deal with his advice. I knew I had to take what seemed irrelevant and disconnected, think about it over and over again and give it time and, especially, effort. And then (sometimes months later), the moments always came when I would lift my eyes from the screen and shout to myself “Ah, …that’s what he meant!”


Greg was well-known for his work on place marketing, publishing with Henk Voogd their first article in 1988 and their book ‘Selling the city’ in 1990. He published an amazing number of pieces on planning, culture, tourism and, later, place branding. But his real passion and the work for which he was world-known, was Heritage Management. His face would light up when describing historical events, their influence and how they had been misinterpreted. As Gert de Roo (Greg’s dear colleague in Groningen) said, Greg was totally unfit for any administrative task. His mind just didn’t work like that. But he was an exceptional scholar, a truly political animal and a very welcoming soul. For his work and influence, Greg got an honorary Doctorate from the University of Brighton in 2009 and in 2010 he was knighted by the Queen of the Netherlands for his contribution to education, scholarship and knowledge. He was very proud of both those honours and would joke about them as only he could. He had the best of typically British humour: clever, sharp, dry and, sometimes, painful. As Gert put it, “people who didn’t know him well could be shocked by his blunt statements, with us laughing to tears…”.

I am not the right person to talk about Greg’s contribution and influence on Heritage studies. I also feel I cannot account for or evaluate his contribution to place branding or place marketing. He believed deeply that heritage is ‘alive’, it finds its meaning each and every day as people use it for their own purposes, it takes its form as people try to interpret their past in order to build their future. My sense is that the field of place branding will be doing precisely that with Greg’s work for a long time as there is much of his legacy that we are still to understand, interpret and use to build the future of the field.

I know that’s what I will be doing with Greg’s influence on myself as scholar, professional, citizen, person… The ‘big party’ of my defence finally took place in December 2008. Greg and his wife Angela so kindly offered to host it in their house right at the centre of Groningen. They generously opened their living room to celebrate my small success. Greg was generous like that and his generosity has offered me too much to capture in words. I’ll start with these: “Thank you Greg! For what you were, for what we already know you gave us and for what we will find out later…”

Meet the IPM: Interview with Maarja Kaaristo

© Mike Poloway/+44(0)1618503338 / mike@poloway.com. Canal and River Trust. Rochdale Canal, Manchester City Centre, around Lock 89. 17 April 2016. Volunteer, Maarja Kaaristo.
© Mike Poloway/+44(0)1618503338 / mike@poloway.com. Canal and River Trust. Rochdale Canal, Manchester City Centre, around Lock 89. 17 April 2016. Volunteer, Maarja Kaaristo.

Maarja Kaaristo is a PhD Researcher and an Associate Lecturer at the School of Tourism, Events and Hospitality Management, Manchester Metropolitan University. She is currently researching embodied experiences and everyday life of the leisure boaters on the canals of north-west England. She holds a MA in ethnology from University of Tartu, Estonia and has taught Anthropology of Tourism and Ethnographic Research Methods there. Her main research interests include mobilities, materialites and sensory experiences in (rural) tourism, ethnographic methods and history of European Ethnology. Her most recent publication deals with mundane aspects of water tourism mobilities. When not boating or writing about boating, she is volunteering for Inland Waterways Association and Canal and River Trust. Continue reading “Meet the IPM: Interview with Maarja Kaaristo”

The experts are dead: Long live the experts.

Journal of Place Management and Development

by Dominic Medway and Cathy Parker

Journal of Place Management and Development, Issue 9.3: Editorial

On June 24th this year Dominic Medway wrote on his Twitter feed: “@PlaceManagement Places are ultimately made, unmade, defined and redefined by people before institutions. We’ve seen that today”. This was of course referring to the result of the so-called ‘Brexit’ referendum on whether the United Kingdom should leave the EU. The pollsters and the City of London seemed reasonably confident that the outcome of the vote, on June 23rd 2016, would be to ‘remain’, but it seemed both these institutional bodies hugely underestimated the power of the voters to exercise their democratic right to chart an alternative future. Continue reading “The experts are dead: Long live the experts.”

Meet the IPM: Interview with Fabiana Gondim Mariutti

Fabiana Gondim Mariutti
Fabiana Gondim Mariutti

Fabiana is an associate member of the IPM. Her career started in business communication twenty-two years ago. She is third generation from a family of mixed-European immigrants, (Italian, Portuguese, Dutch) who settled in Brazil around 1880. This diverse ancestry made her pay attention to countries’ distinctiveness since her childhood. As a Brazilian living in the United States of America in 1990, she realized that each country is known through particular images, associations and stereotypes. After working in corporate environments until 2009 (strategy, marketing communications, branding, public relations), she embraced the challenge of becoming a researcher in 2010 and completed a Master’s degree in business on the topic of ‘country brands’. This year, Fabiana is finalizing her PhD in Business in the UK. Continue reading “Meet the IPM: Interview with Fabiana Gondim Mariutti”